Science Development

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Participatory Variety Selection of Fababean (Vicia faba L.) for Yield and Yield Components in Gunabegemidir District, North Western Ethiopia

Present studies were executed in Gunabegemidir districts in North Western Ethiopia to assess the performance of Fababean varieties and evaluate farmers' selection criteria for Fababean variety choice, and classify the principal farmers’ criteria in the study area. Seven Fababean varieties were evaluated in randomized complete block design with three replications in the 2020/2021 and 2021/2022 main rainy seasons. Farmers' evaluation of Fababean was made at different stages of the crop, at flowering, at maturity, and at harvest. Farmers’ confirmed Plant establishment, Overall performance, Stem strength, Number of branches, Seed size, and plant height were identified as the most important farmer's selection criteria. Statistical analysis showed that Fababeans varieties were significantly (P<0.05) different by grain yield at Ata Kebele in the 2021 cropping seasons. The highest grain yield was obtained from Hachalu (3516 kg ha-1) variety at Ata Kebele. Hence, including farmers’ preferences in a variety selection process is a paramount important. Therefore, based on considerately measured parameters, farmers’ preferences the Fababean varieties Gora (4901 kg ha-1), Numan (4279 kg ha-1), and Ashebeka (4364 kg ha-1) were selected for the study area. Among the seven tested Fababean varieties, those varieties were found sound adapted at Gunabegemidir district in the farmer's selection criteria. Therefore, farmers are recommended to use those varieties for production and expand in the next season for similar agroecology of the South Gonder zone.

Fababean, Participatory Variety Selection, Gunabegemidir, Grain Yield

APA Style

Ayenew, A., Bikis, D., Sharie, S., Taye, Y., Addisu, Z. (2023). Participatory Variety Selection of Fababean (Vicia faba L.) for Yield and Yield Components in Gunabegemidir District, North Western Ethiopia. Science Development, 4(4), 63-70. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.scidev.20230404.11

ACS Style

Ayenew, A.; Bikis, D.; Sharie, S.; Taye, Y.; Addisu, Z. Participatory Variety Selection of Fababean (Vicia faba L.) for Yield and Yield Components in Gunabegemidir District, North Western Ethiopia. Sci. Dev. 2023, 4(4), 63-70. doi: 10.11648/j.scidev.20230404.11

AMA Style

Ayenew A, Bikis D, Sharie S, Taye Y, Addisu Z. Participatory Variety Selection of Fababean (Vicia faba L.) for Yield and Yield Components in Gunabegemidir District, North Western Ethiopia. Sci Dev. 2023;4(4):63-70. doi: 10.11648/j.scidev.20230404.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Adugna, A. 2010. Assessment of Yield Stability in Sorghum. Afr Crop Sci J. 15: 83-92.
2. Alwala, S., Kwolek, T., McPherson, M., Pellow, J., Meyer, D. 2010. A Comprehensive Comparison between Eberhart and Russell Join Regression and GGE Biplot Analyses to Identify Stable and High Yielding Maize Hybrids. Field Crop Res. 119: 225-230.
3. Ashenafi M and Mekuria W. (2015). Effect of Fababean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties on Yield Attributes at Sinana and Agarfa Districts of Bale Zone, Southeastern Ethiopia. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences. 8 (4): 281-286.
4. CSA (Central Statistical Agency) of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia), 2014.
5. De Boef WS and Thijssen, MH. (2007). Participatory tools working with crops, varieties, and seeds. A guide for professionals applying participatory approaches in agrobiodiversity management, crop improvement, and seed sector development. Wageningen, Wageningen International, 83p.
6. Mesfin, T., Jarso, M., Argaye, S., Tekalign, A., Tilahun, N., et al. 2021. Performance of Large Seeded Fababean Genotypes for Yield and Related Agronomic Traits in Different Parts of Ethiopia. East Africa J Agriculture Biotechnology. 4: 1-11.
7. Sainte, M. 2011. The Magazine of the European Association for Grain Legume Research. Model Legume Congress, France, p: 56. 2.
8. Steel, RGD., Torrie, JH. 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics: a biometrical approach. 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill. New York. 631pp.
9. Tadesse T, Fikere M, Legesse T, Parven A. (2011). Correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield and its component in Fababean (Vicia faba L.) germplasm. Int J Biodivers Conserv. 3: 376-382.
10. Tafere M, Tadesse D, Yigzaw D (2012). Participatory varietal selection of fababean (Vicia faba L.) for yield and yield components in Dabat district, Ethiopia. Wudpecker Journal of Agricultural Research. 1 (7): 270–274.
11. Tamene, T., Gemechu, K. and Hussein, M. 2015. Genetic progresses from over three decades of fababean (Vicia faba L.) breeding in Ethiopia. Australia Journal of crop science, 9: 41-48.
12. Teame Gereziher, Ephrem Seid and Lemma Diriba. 2017. Participatory evaluations of Fababean (Vicia faba l.) Varieties in Enda Mekoni District, Northern Ethiopia. African Journal of Agriculture. Vol 4 (2), pp. 263-268.
13. Tewodros T, Asfaw A, Getachew T, Kibersew M1, Samuel S (2015). Evaluation of Fababean (Vicia faba L.) varieties against chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) in North Gondar, Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 10 (30): 2984-2988.
14. Wondimu, B. 2016. Participatory variety selection of Fababean for yield components and yield at highlands of West Hararghe, Eastern Ethiopia. International Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science. 3 (1): 099-102.
15. Yassin TE (1973). Genotypic and phenotypic variances and correlations in field beans (Vicia faba L.). J Agric Sci 81: 445-448.
16. Zewdu Asrat, Abdulfeta Tariku, Temesgen Begna, Hayilu Gichile and Werkissa Yali. 2022. Performance Evaluation of Improved Fababean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties for Yield and Yield Attribute Traits in Highland Areas of West Hararghe, Eastern, Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 10: 10.